Tag Archives: Artificial Neural Networks

People’s Capitalism

News articles and reports appear almost daily on the subject of how technological developments in Artificial Intelligence and robotics will cause dramatic changes to employment over the next few decades. The stereotypical article will refer to Frey and Osborne’s claim … Continue reading

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Backpropagation

  The Fall of Artificial Neural Networks: XOR gates In the 1969 book ‘Perceptrons: an introduction to computational geometry’, Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert demonstrated that single-layer Artificial Neural Networks could not even implement an XOR (‘exclusive or’) logical function. This was a … Continue reading

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